Diabetes management program

If you have diabetes, your body has problems producing or using insulin. Insulin is a hormone that converts sugar, starch and other food into energy. When you don't have enough insulin, or your body isn't using it the right way, glucose builds up in your blood. You end up with high blood sugar, the hallmark of diabetes.

There are two types of diabetes:

  • Type 1: If you have this type, your pancreas stops making insulin. This type is more common in children and young adults.
  • Type 2: If you have this type, your pancreas makes some insulin, but it's not enough or your cells aren't using it the right way. This type is more common in adults.

Managing diabetes

The most important part of treatment for diabetes is blood sugar control. If your blood sugar gets too high, it can hurt many parts of your body, including your heart, kidneys, feet and eyes. It can even cause blindness.

But don't worry. There's a lot you can do to manage your condition and prevent complications. Work with your primary care physician to:

  • Use medicines correctly.
  • Get regular retinal eye exams.
  • Exercise regularly and eat healthy foods.
  • Quit smoking.

Have questions? Contact us

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To talk with a nurse, call 1-800-392-4247
TTY users call 1-800-257-9980
8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. ET
Monday through Friday

Health checks

Talk to your doctor about these wellness checks every year. You may need some of them more often than that.

  • Blood pressure
  • HbA1c
  • Total cholesterol (HDL, LDL, triglycerides)
  • Kidney function exam
  • Urine microalbumin
  • Diabetes eye exam
  • Dental exam
  • Foot exam
  • Flu shot

Also, check with your doctor to see if your vaccines are up to date, including:

  • Your pneumonia shot
  • Your shingles vaccine
  • Your combined tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis vaccine 


Other resources

Log in to learn more

You can find in-depth information about diabetes in your online account.

  1. Log in to your account at bcbsm.com.
  2. Click on the Health & Wellness tab at the top of the page to enter the Blue Cross® Health & Wellness website, powered by WebMD®.
  3. Click on the Health Information tab.
  4. Click on Conditions.
  5. Click on Diabetes, General.
WebMD Health Services is an independent company supporting Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan and Blue Care Network by providing health and wellness services.